Brazilian Coffee – Oberon
Oberon is a green coffee brand widely regarded as a source of some of the highest quality coffee produced in Brazil. The coffee is specifically produced in the Cerrado Mineiro Region of Brazil. The Cerrado region is a high, semi-arid plateau surrounding the city of Patrocinio, between São Paulo and Brasilia. This area is located in the Minas Gerais State in Brazil’s central high plains region.
Regional climate attributes:
The Cerrado Region is known for its consistent climate, altitude and product quality characteristics. The average temperature is around 20°C ./ 68°F. The average rainfall of about 1,600mm / 63 in per year occurs mainly during the rainy season from December to March. Cerrado has a total cultivated area of around 170,000 hectares and is between 900 and 1,300 meters above sea level
Cerrado is located in a dry and flat region in southwestern Minas Gerais. The seasons are well defined in this region. There is a hot, wet summer and a pleasant, dry winter. This reliable regional characteristic allows growers to focus on letting the coffee cherries develop as much natural flavor and sweetness as possible..
The harvest period is between May – September. The coffee is picked when the coffee cherries have matured to their peak ripeness. During this time, the workforce which is normally around 20,000 increases to nearly 200,000. The coffee is brought in as fast as possible and sorted to guarantee the high quality the region is known for.
Well organized co-operative structure:
In the Cerrado Mineiro Region, growers take their status as a high-quality coffee origin seriously. This region is the only coffee region in Brazil with a Protected Geographical Indication. In this area there are about 4,500 coffee producers, the majority are organized in large cooperatives.
All of the coffees are produced through production processes that accentuate the attributes of the climate, soil, and contours of the Protected Geographical Indication. The origin of the coffee is preserved and guaranteed by the Cerrado Mineiro Region Certifications.
The coffee producing farms are audited annually by external audit contractors, whose objective is to testify that the coffees are produced using good agricultural practices and with social and environmental responsibility. A Geographical Information System permits the visualization of the certified properties via satellite, as well as incorporating a great quantity of information about the area where the coffees were produced.
Origin and quality certification, only the coffees produced on Certified farms that are inside the Protected Geographical Indication of the Cerrado Mineiro Region can be certified. The coffee lots are stored in warehouses that are also certified. The sensorial characteristics of each lot are classified and receive a report produced by an SCAA Q Grader. A certificate is emitted and each bag receives an official seal with a barcode that can be tracked via the Cerrado Mineiro Region website.
Characteristics of the coffees from the region:
- Aroma: Intense, with notes varying from caramel to nuts
- Acidity: Delicately citrus
- Body: Moderate to full bodied
- Flavor: Sweet with a chocolate aspect
- Aftertaste: Long lasting
Coffee was brought to Brazil from Ethiopia in the 18th century. It started in the North and quickly spread along the coasts. Back then, sugar cane was Brazil’s biggest crop and the main contributor to Brazil’s economy. When the Caribbean sugar production boomed, Brazil was unable to compete with their prices so production declined sharply. Brazil then decided to shift its focus to coffee production to attend the global demand. By 1820, coffee became Brazil’s most exported product. By 1840 Brazil had become the largest coffee exporter in the world. Brazil is still the world’s leading coffee producer…